One day I was alone, as my mother went to see my grandma. I thought to go to the garden our garden is full of flowers. I spoke to them I asked “How do you get these colours” Each flower replied, I am yellow. I am famous in the word. There are many flowers in my colour the flowers are Esala, Orchid, Barhatons, Kelanithissa, Sunflower and roses are some of these. There flowers are very useful for Buddhists We get these colours from the rainbow “ I like to chat with you” said the yellow flower.
Another flower peeped and said “ I am red. My colour is very essential. I also get my colour from rainbows and clouds in the morning and I the evening.
The leaves raised their heads and said “ I am green” All trees in the world are green. Our environment is green too. Rarely we can see green flowers this flower is very rare.
White colour jumped and said “ I am white This is a famous colour. The school uniform is in this colour. When you go to the temple we dress white clothes. We go to the Sunday school, we dress white clothes and girls dress halt sarees some of lowers are white flowers are special Water Lillie, Lotus, Temple flower are some white colour flowers.
A rare flowers spoke slowly “ I am black” some animals and birds are in this colour. They are elephants, bears, black ant, cuckoo bird and crow.
A Delia flower spoke “ I am orange colour” Orange colour is charm. King coconuts are in orange colour.
Another flower spoke smiling. It says “ I am blue colour” The sky is in this colour. Blue is a main colour.
I am brown colour said another one soil is brown colour and deer, ant, cow are also brown in colour.
Rainbow had seven colours. The colours are red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. I thought about a rainbow. “ Yes it has those colours. How do the others get their colours. Fish have nice colours.”
Then I have a problem, “ what about butterflies” How do they get their colours. Suddenly a butterfly came and repaired. “ I get colours from flowers. I kiss them and later I turn in to several colours how wonderful it is. “ I thought If I can be a butterfly I can fly away Suddenly I turned in to a butterfly. I tried to fly away. I was fallen off my bed.
History of Sri Lanka
Kingdom of Dambadeniya -
Even though we use the term Drift to the South West,, the Districts of Kurunegala, Kegalle, Colombo, Kalutara, Galle, Matara etc had a settled population from the earliest times. Kurunegala due to its being a climatically transitional zone in the North Central Province ,seems to have been a political centre from very early times. If Kurunegala Vistaraya is to be believed Kurunagala had a king even during the reign of Ravana. This was Vijaya’s original capital.In a rock inscription at Thammanna by King Dutaga son of Vasabha in the 1st century AD Vankanaka Tissa governed the Kurunegala District as a provincial ruler. Moggallana 111 in 614 rebelled against the reigning king Sangha Tissa and occupied Magallegama close to Nikaveratiya.
While Polonnaruwa was under the oppressive yoke of Magha, a number of leaders were in Mayarata and Ruhuna. They were the protection against Magha. Mentioned in the chronicles, they were Buvanekabahu adipada who looked after Ruhuna by keeping guard from Govinda hills. The all powerful General Sankha who looked after the Minipe region from hills leaders appear to have come forward to lead the Sinhala resistance. The role, partially successful, was carried out by.
Vijayabahu III (1232-1236) -
He did not belong to any of the Polonnaruwa dynasties. According to Culawansa and Pujawaliya he was a descendent of Sri Sanghabo who brought the Sri Maha Bodhi to Sri Lanka. The Attanagalu Wansaya says that his father was Prince Vijayamalla who belonged to the Sangha Bodhi Clan. Dambadeni Kathikavatha mentions both Vijayabahu III and Parakramabahu II. Also it mentions that Dambadeniya was in use even during the early Polonnaruwa period. Parakramabahu I’s father Manabharana is mentioned as living in Dakkhina Desa with Nikaveratiya as his headquarters. Parakramabahu himself ruled Dhakkhina Desa from Panduvasnuwara. These two capitals are both close to Dambadeniya. In “Paravi Sandesaya” it is mentioned (in the 37th Stanza Dambadeniya, Alakapura visu dinisuru vilasa) that even Parakramabahu VI lived in Dambadeniya. He died of blood poisoning after stepping on a sea shell at Salawatha.
Parakramabahu II (1236-1270) -
According to Culawansa,Vijayabahu III on his deathbed had called his two sons. He advised his two sons to love each other, not to fight the Great king Magha and not to go beyond Salgala. Parakramabahu had reacted in the same way that prince Dutugamunu reacted When Dutugamunu and Saddhathissa were advised by their father king Kawanthissa. “I will unite Sri Lanka and I will not allow anyone to do so”. Also Vijayabahu III entrusted his two sons to Sangarakkitha thero. He handed over the relics (the bowl and the Tooth Relic) to prince Parakramabahu. This act of the late king was a sound one. Parakramabahu II reigned for 35 years in a peaceful country. Parakramabahu did not undertake any action against the rulers of Rajarata. He cooperated with the Sangha, convinced his people that he was the legitimate ruler by virtue that he had the Tooth Relic. He built a new temple and conducted a magnificent festival in its honor. His brother, very diplomatically won over the Vanni chiefs, so that the king did not have to fight battles. In the meantime Magha and his Yuvaraja Jayabahu maintained a firm grip on Rajarata with garrisons posted at forts round.
Polonnaruwa, Kottiyar, Kantalai, Kavudulu, Padaviya, Kurudankulama, Yodha Weva, Mantai, Mannar, Vatamam, Trincomalee, Iluppaikkadavai and Kayts. Accoding to Sinhala chronicles, Parakramabahu’s warriors so harassed Magha’s soldiers, they abandoned their forts and gathered at Polonnaruwa. They then decided to leave the country but lost their way and were defeated by Sinhala troops near Kalawewa. All Magha’s treasure fell into the hands of the Sinhalese. Magha by now had ruled Polonnaruwa for 40 years. Magha and Jayabahu were vanquished.
In the eleventh year of Parakramabahu’s reign he had to defend his kingdom against an invader from Java named Chandrabhanu. They landed at various seaports and caused havoc. They also made use of poisoned arrows as well. Parakramabahu II had a nephew, his sister’s son, Virabahu. He was sent at the head of the Sinhalese army to attack the invaders. Chandrabanu and his Javaka troops were repulsed. Where the battle was fought was unknown but he was supposed to have gone to Devundara after the victory to offer thanksgiving.
To unravel the history of this period we have to go further into the history of Chandrabanu. Chandrabanu is from the Isthumus of Kra in the Malay Peninsula. He was from a friendly country with the Sri Lanka had cordial religious relations. Why he became hostile was anyone’s guess. The most probable is that Chandrabhanu was acting in a concerted effort with his friend Magha. Also Chandrabhanu’s own kingdom was threatened by Siam from Menam Valley. The carving out of a new kingdom in Sri Lanka may have been his ambition. During this period the rising power of the Pandyas influenced the Sri Lankan politics. The Pandyans and the Kadavas not only wrested Chola independence but also shook the Chola empire to its very foundations.When the princes of Dambadeniya who themselves claimed to be of Pandya lineage became rulers of Southern Sri Lanka, it was natural for them to side with the Pandyas. In return for the assistance rendered to them by the Sinhalese kings, Parakramabahu II might have asked for Pandayan help to out the Colas (Magha) from Sri Lanka. Jatavarman Sundara Pandya the great conqueror who came to power in 1251AD in some of his inscriptions dated from his regnal year claims to have exacted tribute from the ruler of Sri Lanka. Magha was driven out at this time, with the help of the Pandyas, Parakramabahu would naturally have to give them costly presents.
In about 1250AD Parakramabahu was inflicted with a terminal disease and the affairs of the state was handed over to a Minister named Deva Prathiraja. Later prince Vijayabahu became the virtual ruler and undertook to finish some projects dear Parakramabahu’s heart. Those were the completion of restoring Ruwanveli Seya and occupation of Polonnaruwa so that the Tooth Relic be installed in the ancient shrine, and that Parakramabahu may be consecrated and a celebration of a festival for higher ordination at Dastota near Polonnaruwa.
Prince Vijayabahu undertook to carry out all these tasks. He, first of all fortified Mayarata. Two of his younger brothers Tribhuvanamalla and Buwanaikabahu were stationed with strong forces at Wattala and Yapahuwa. Kurunegala was fortified and the treasures of the state were deposited in the stronghold of Vakirigala. He then busied himself with religious activities at Gampola, Sri Pada and Walgampaya. It can be assumed that he was no other than Chandrabahu. He landed at Mantai with an army of Malays and mercenaries frim Cola and Pandya. He deluded the world by a show of serving religious society. Therefore Sinhalese, of Padikurundi and other northern districts joined Chandrabahu. They arrived at Yapahuwa and laid siege demanding the Tooth Relic, the regal
diadem and the sovereignty.
Vijayabahu and Virabahu attacked ferociously and won the battle. Chandrabahu himself was killed. Much booty including the women of Chandrabahu’s court his royal insignia, elephants and horses were sent to the king at Dambadeniya. South Indian inscriptions denote that Pandyas too had a hand in this battle. In one inscription it is mentioned that from Sri Lanka the crown of the Javaka king together with his crowned head was handed over to Jatavarman Vira Pandya. Another inscription says that he killed one of the 2 kings of Sri Lanka and this expedition to Sri Lanka was undertaken in response to an appeal for help made by a Minister from Sri Lanka. This expeditionary force from Pandya came when Chandrabahu was besieging Yapahuwa and attacked him from the rear.
The Javaka menace was not yet over. A son of Chandrabahu was submissive to Pandya and the Northern kingdom was restored to him. It suited Pandya to have 2 kingdoms dependent on him than one unified Sri Lanka. Javakas ruled therefore for three quarters of a century.Place names which survives today are reminders. Chavakacceri, Chavankottai, Javakotte are some place names. North of the island up to Mullaitivu, including the Jaffna Peninsula, was known as Javagama (Javakam) to the Sinhalese about the fourth century.Danger from Chandrabahu was over Vijayabahu proceeded to Anuradhapura where the Vanni chiefs paid him homage. Vijayabahu and Virabahu restored irrigation works, repaired the defense works, palace was repaired along with most of the shrines. Once the work was over Parakramabahu was brought and a coronation festival was held. Parakramabahu was escorted back to Dambadeniya where he died some years later.
Parakramabahu II earned the title”Kalikala Sahitya Sarvagna Panditha”. Some of his books in Sinhala and Pali are still preserved. His services to religion and literature are outstanding. He was unable to check the decay of Rajarata and its intricate irrigation system brought about by years of neglect by Magha.
Vijayabahu IV (1271-1272) - He had been the actual ruler for about 10 years, when he ascended the throne after the death of his father. The people loved him dearly and he was so humane that he was called Bodhisatva. His career was cut short by a general called Mitta who killed the King. Buvanaikabahu escaped and fled pursued by Mitta’s followers.
Mitta the traitor killed the king and took over the throne. First and foremost, he wanted the army on his side. He paid the Sinhala soldiers who took their pay accepting the sovereignty of Mitta. The Rajput soldiers, called Ariyakkatiya refused pay and wished to meet the king. The leader of this group Tagore or Thakuraka waited humbly, then suddenly drew his sword and decapitated Mitta. The horrified audience found their voices and demanded why he did such a rash act to which he replied that he was acting on the command of the legitimate king Buvanaikabahu. All the Sinhalese and Rajput soldiers marched to Yapahuwa where he was in hiding, brought him back to Dambadeniya and consecrated him King, through the loyalty of the Rajput soldiers.